Chapter 75




CPR means cardiopulmonary resuscitation which is an emergency procedure to restore brain function when a person shows abnormal breath or no breath. CPR involves chest compressions for at least 5cm deep and 100 rate per minute in order to pump oxygenated blood through the heart and brain.


St. Mark’s Square


Also known as Piazza San Marco, St. Mark’s Square was constructed in 9th century in front of St. Mark’s Basilica. The square was enlarged in the following centuries and now is a central place of important government buildings and facilities. The famous buildings in the square are St. Mark Basilica and Doge’s Palace.


Doge’s Palace



Doge’s Palace is built in Gothic style and it is a landmark in Venice. It used to be the residence of the Doge of Venice, the authority of Venice. It also holds the government office and serves other functions.


Light Well



Light well is an unroofed space on the ceiling of the building so that the sunlight can shine through the light well into the house, and thus reduces the electric lightening.



Enrico Dandolo



Enrico Dandolo is the doge of Venice from 1192 to 1205. During his position as the doge, he promoted the Fourth Crusade, a battle to win back the City of Jerusalem dominated by Muslim, and conquer Constantinople of Byzantine Empire. He was said to transport many marbles and valuable art pieces from Constantinople  to build his palace in Venice.



Ettore Vio

Ettore Vio is the author of St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice. You can find the book he wrote from the link above “Ettore Vio”.



Constantinople was the capital city of Byzantine empire by Constantine the Great. By medieval time, it was the wealthiest city in Europe. In the later centuries, because of the fall of Byzantine, Constantinople was conquered by Ottoman and became the new capital of Ottoman. It was later seized by the army in the Fourth Crusade. Now it is called Istanbul in Turkey.


Edited by Shang Jiang

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