Chapter 63

DogeDuring the medieval and renaissance eras, a doge was known as the elected leader of the Venetian republic.  Only those who were part of the most powerful Venetian families were considered for the position of the doge. Although the doge had many responsibilities, he had many restrictions, was constantly under surveillance, and was confined to his palace for long periods of time.



NapoleonNapoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was a French military and political leader during the time of the French Revolution.  He is exceptionally notable for being the Emperor of France and for having conquered a significant portion of Europe.


Doge’s PalaceThe Doge’s Palace was once the home of a series of Venetian leaders called the doges.  The Doge’s Palace is one of the first buildings seen by tourists traveling to Venice by sea. It is also notable for it’s significant location, where ceremonies are held for Venetian citizens.

St. Mark’s BasilicaSt. Mark’s Basilica lies adjacent to the Doge’s palace and also borders the Adriatic Sea.  It is often regarded as the center of the city and it bears numerous works of art that depict Venice’s fabricated history. Many view the art in St. Mark’s Basilica as a visual depiction of Venetian history.


The GodfatherThe Godfather is an extremely popular American crime film from 1972.  The movie stars Al Pacino and Marlon Brando.  Click here to view a famous scene from The Godfather

PtolemyPtolemy (90-168) was an Egyptian mathematician, astrologer, astronomer, geographer, and poet.





Gallerie dell’AccademiaThe Gallerie dell’Accademia is an art museum in Venice that sits on the south bank of the Grand Canal.  It is notable for holding many works of art from before the 19th century.  Langdon recalls the Gallerie dell’Accademica when thinking of museums in Venice.

Ca’ RezzonicoThe Ca’ Rezzonico was originally built as a house for the Rezzonico family.  It lies along the Grand Canal and serves as a museum for 18th century artwork.  Langdon recalls the Ca’ Rezzonico when thinking of Venetian museums.



Palazzo GrassiThe Palazzo Grassi is an art museum in Venice that lies along the Grand Canal.  It is notable for its Byzantine style architecture.  Langdon recalls the Palazzo Grassi when thinking of Venetian art museums.


Museo CorrerThe Museo Correrr is an art museum in Venice that is located in St. Mark’s Square.  Landgon recalls the Museo Correr when thinking of Venetian art museums.



ErinyesErinyes or Furies are mythological creatures of punishment and vengeance.  The Erinyes are a group of females born from the blood of Uranus.   In Dante’s Inferno, the Erinyes guard the gate to Dis.


HecateHecate is a mythological goddess, who is the daughter of Perseus and Asteria.  She is associated with crossroads, fire, light, the moon, magic, witchcraft and sorcery.




MedusaMedusa is a mythological monster, or Gorgon. Originally a beautiful, yet arrogant woman, Medusa was turned into Gorgon with venomous snakes in place of her hair.  She was later beheaded by Perseus who then used her head as a weapon.




Jason Lock

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