The map of traditional homelands illustrates that the US-Canada border is a division that was superimposed on existing cohesive native lands. Where members of indigenous communities could once freely walk, drive or paddle to see relatives, hunt, fish, gather wild rice or berries, visit burial grounds, collect holy medicine, or attend spiritual gatherings, there is now a line that interdicts passage. The border is enforced and marked with stone monuments, often in a clear-cut strip of forest, along the entire 5,525 mile swath that separates the United States from Canada. Since 9/11, the line is even more securitized with sensors, drone surveillance, checkpoints, fences and other obstacles.
The Native cartographer Aaron Carapella creates wall maps of the traditional homelands of tribal nations in the Americas identifying them by their own names.