Like Norris, George Bellows and a number of other visual artists depicted the modern savagery of the city and potential for degeneration in it, sometimes as a racialized struggle for the survival of the fittest. Do you see elements of the Social Darwinist and degeneration theory discussed in the slides in Both Members of the Club? Where do Bellows’s sympathies lie? How does he see the room as a whole, the people witnessing the fight, and the fighters themselves? Obviously, the dangers of syphilitic spread and literal madness are not in the image, but concerns about animal natures, decline into savagery, adaptation to urban environments, and challenges facing “whiteness” abound. It’s a complicated and celebrated image, with a lot of viewers coming to different conclusions about it. Feel free to look for more information online, but if you do, be sure to include a citation and use a reliable source (Wikipedia is dodgy.). There’s some brief introductory information at the National Gallery of Art. The main point, though, is to articulate your own understanding of the image, mental and spiritual degeneration, and Social Darwinism.