Integrating Quotations

Integrate quotations smoothly in your paper by:

  • Proper set-up and introduction before the quotation, and by
  • Skillful analysis or further pertinent discussion after the quotation

Examples from Middlebury College first-year students:

Repelled by the ostentation of the performances of Mary, the Bingleys and Lady Catherine, Darcy seeks an alternative to artificiality in a haughty, distant air. Austen introduces us to him as “the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world”(12) who spends an entire ball, not dancing but rather “walking about the room”(12). In the film, Darcy’s glowering expression and deliberate movements contrast perfectly with the happy looks and lively actions of f the dancers. Yet despite his bad manners, Darcy has no really serious characters flaws.

The different eras in which the novel was written and the films were produced causes a significant alteration in the destiny of the relationship between Harriet and Emma. In the novel, Austen allows the friendship between Harriet and Emma to wither away, as “the intimacy between [them] must sink; their friendship must change into a calmer sort of goodwill” (312). Harriet and Emma come from such different backgrounds that neither Austen nor her contemporaries would doubt the wisdom in returning from friends to friendly. This kind of snobbery would appall modern day audiences, and therefore both the A&E (although less enthusiastically) and the Miramax films uphold the friendship between the two girls by including reconciliation scenes.

Both physical and mental survival for children of poverty becomes an issue of great concern. Frank McCourt loses three siblings to illnesses that could have been easily cured. However, with lack of money, comes lack of medical care, and with that comes illnesses and even death. In an article from the London Times discussing the death toll of children in Russia, Anna Blundy relates a story of a 30 year old woman and the condition of her children at childbirth as a result of not getting medical assistance:“I can’t get into hospital to give birth. . . The babies were small because I hadn’t been eating properly and they died”(Blundy 2). It is simple to blame the malnourishment for the death of her children, but one must not forget the fact that this lady could not get to a hospital either. Doctors are expensive, and if one cannot pay with cash, then the only other choice left is to pay with one’s own life. The images McCourt provides his readers of the waiting process to see a doctor free of charge is unforgettable. Not only is the waiting room small, but everyone in need of free medical attention wait in the same small room. It would not be surprising if someone who entered the waiting room with a common cold would leave it with the consumption or an illness passed on in the waiting room.


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