I was looking at my pretty unorganized garden – weeds growing wild, absolutely no organization – and feeling pretty grateful that I could still harvest some good from it. Got some beets up in there, corn coming in good, tons of herbs – basil, oregano, cilantro, mint – represent. Even got a pumpkin or two coming through. All the spinach died though, so sad.
Then I started thinking about how we, in the modern world, have absolutely no idea about how to use native plants in agriculture. Think about it. Modern agriculture is characterized largely by monoculture farming, which depends on replacing acres and acres of native crops with one species, which then becomes highly vulnerable to pests, disease, and so on. In order to mitigate against that, we use tons of chemical pesticides and herbicides like atrazine, which leaches toxins into our environment.
But what if we remembered how to use native plants in the way that the First Nations did? What if we didn’t create an agricultural system that depended on erasing natural biodiversity, and imposing artificial and naturally unsustainable systems on top? To get a picture of what this would look like, read Tales of a Shaman’s Apprentice by Mark Plotkin.
Here’s a sample, where the author and his indigenous friends, Kamainja and Shafee were walking near the border of Brazil, to encounter a Brazilian peasant vegetable garden:
…Kamainja snickered. “Pananakiri poy-deh-ken!” he said slowly. “White man dumb!”
“What’s so funny?” I asked quietly.
“Look at that garden,” Kamainja whispered. “I’ve seen better-looking agriculture inside a leafcutter ant’s nest!” …
“Look at the weeds!” Shafee chimed in.
“I don’t see any,” I said.
“Exactly! In our gardens, we always leave some behind because it binds the soil in the rainy season. That peasant’s garden is probably cleaner than his house!”
“And another thing,” said Kamainja. “You look at that plantation and you know the man doesn’t understand the forest. A well-planned garden should look like a hole in the forest opened up when a gian ku-mah-kah tree falls over. Small opening in the forest are filled in by fast-growing weedy plants that attract game animals. When you cut down too much forest, the little plants can’t seed in from the surrounding jungle…”
What a pity we’ve managed to lose all this knowledge.