Your projects – notes from your final week presentations

Working groups

OVERVIEW

MDGs – http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/
Woolcock and Pritchett paper ..

Groups

I.  Water – Mark, Jeronimo, Nicole, Hilary

  • A.  Hilary -
  • Clean water – Causes – UN/World Bank – now?  Two cases – PlayPumps – PUR packet.  What could the center do to support this?  Following up on globally-based internships – how do we do this better?
    • SSA … data …
    • Why such a problem?
      • Global trend – dams (post – WW II)
      • Last 30 years, from water development to water management
      • For SSA, problem – not the infrastructure …
        • NICE COMMENT from Hilary, re: being an environmentalist and reflecting on pros v. cons of dams
    • Solutions
      • UNEP – WB … more water development ..
      • THAT MEANS infrastructure, I assume
      • Innovation – play pumps http://www.waterforpeople.org/extras/playpumps/case-foundation-partnership.html
        • Problem – expensive, parts and labor, child labor …
        • Thus, merging with water for the people ,,
      • Innovation – purepackets http://www.csdw.com/csdw/pur_packet.shtml
    • QUESTION: where water comes from –
      • Aquifers
      • Rain water
      • Rivers and streams
      • Dams
  • B.  Jeronimo -
  • water in Haiti.  What’s working by ngos?  How apply to center?
    • H20 scarcity as world problem – h20 as human right
      • GOOD global data …
      • Actual cost plus opportunity cost ..
    • Haiti ..
      • 9 million – most people lack access to H20 and sanitation (good data)
      • Led to cholera … Killed 30 – 40,000 people
      • 58% of all deaths preventable ……
    • NGOS
      • 1/3 of NGOs focus on water …
      • Example – charity water – http://www.charitywater.org/
      • MOST NGOS
        • education
        • water filters
          • Bio filters – sand and gravel
          • Nano-technology (?)
      • Major problem – lack of sustainable projects
        • Lots of emergency relief
        • QUESTION – how find a balance?  (a recurring question)
    • QUESTION – is Haiti a candidate for pillar 4?
    • GOOD QUESTION from Brian – potential role of corruption?
  • C.  Mark
  • water in Ghana/africa
    • Good data – striking
      • Diarrhea, Cholera, intestinal worms
    • Role of politics – economics
    • Colonial history – nice
      • Good point about economic growth
      • TODAY – more ‘democratic vitality’
    • Not just water shortages
      • Piped water issues …
      • 46% – 35% … urban and rural
    • Water Aid – http://www.wateraid.org/
      • How doing?
      • The nature of their funding?
      • NICE finding on demand-driven approach – how does it actually play out?
      • Collegiate group … very cool
    • Bright side – one of four countries on their way …
    • Still much to be done ..
    • QUESTION – world bank — working with civil society
    • QUESTION – civil society big on this?
    • LOTS to LIKE – self-contained ….
  • D.  Nicole -
  • Water in India
    • Good overview (again) of big picture
    • India ….
      • Background
        • Improper disposal of sewage
        • Ag run off …
        • 1200 people die per day ..
        • Tension – economic growth … rural poverty
      • Solutions
        • WTP issue (based on conversation with Rashmir)
        • Social entrepreneurship
          • The Ripple Effect (non – profit) … http://blog.acumenfund.org/2009/06/25/ripple-effect-at-the-water-summit-2009-new-delhi/  [find video]
          • Water Health International – profit-making http://www.waterhealth.com/

II.  Health – Olivia, Nina, Paul

  • A.  Nina -
  • Neglected tropical diseases .. STH’s soil-transmmited helmuths (?)…
    • Definition
      • Neglected areas
      • High morbidity — not morality
        • Sabin.org map
      • 35 million adjusted life-years
    • Why?
      • Poor sanitation, poor housing
      • PLUS – promote poverty …
        • Stunt growth, etc.
    • SE Asia
    • WHO target …
      • How Cambodia reached the target …
      • One course of treatment — 5 cents!
      • QUESTION: Why not happening if so inexpensive ..?
    • Solutions
      • Big drug companies ….
      • Problem – animal testing
      • One world health – http://www.oneworldhealth.org/
      • Sabin Institute – http://www.sabin.org/
      • Research and trial point
      • Working with Brazil …
    • Biggest problem – financial aspect ….
      • Even though so inexpensive, per dose.
  • B.  Olivia –
  • Malaria.  More on groups and what they are up to ..
    • Good intro
      • QUESTION – Could it really be 9 of 10 deaths in SSA
    • DDT helped ….
      • The importance of spraying walls
      • Malaria more prevalent than it was in the 1950s
      • Question (Brian) – MIGHT DDT be justified
        • http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ddt-debate (NB – article from 2000)
    • Successes
      • From 1 million deaths to 700 k or so
        • Cocktail of solutions
        • Insecticide-treated nets
          • Can you or can you not just drop the nets?
          • What does the research say?
        • Interior spraying
        • Treatment of kids/women – within 24 hours
        • IT’S NEVER 1 Solution …
        • Constant – you need education …
  • C.  Paul -
  • Health care services in rural India – personnel and more.
    • Data on lack of docs, nurses …
    • 63% of docs not qualified …
    • Systematic problems
    • Solutions?
      • GE health care
      • But not structural …
      • They did a competition ….
        • GOOD EXAMPLE for SolutionsU
      • Bachelor’s in rural health care (like barefoot u?)

III.  Culture and property rights – Tom, Martin, Brad

  • Martin -
  • property rights.
    • Value 9.3 trillion years
    • Land/property as ‘dead property rights’
    • The legal expression of these things.
    • What to property rights do?
      • Reduce transaction costs …
      • Bribes …
      • 21 years = barrier to entry
      • HUGE problem – well presented
      • Thus, stuck in region … local trade
      • Left out of globalization
      • (reminiscent of Scott …)
    • Misconceptions
      • People will go for it if benefits outwiegh costs
    • Solution
      • Elena P.
        • Peru …. $60 million huge return …
    • Metaphor …
      • Desoto …. Dogs know where the property is …..
    • Grant?  Under auspices of the center – our network (exciting)  Elana P.
  • Brad –
  • cultural heritage. conservation
    • Definition ….
    • As ’21st century global challenges …’
    • Clash between profit seeking and local, indigenous lifeways (Hawken theme)
    • Igara (sp?) of the Philippines
      • Birthrights over the territories
      • Indigenous rights ….
    • A group from Columbia
      • Older brothers – younger brothers …
    • Bio-prospecting …
      • Costa Rica example?
    • What are people doing?
      • In the heart of the world – http://www.amazon.com/Heart-World-Thoughts-Stories-Prayers/dp/1577310659
      • Tairona (sp?) Heritage trust – http://tairona.myzen.co.uk/
      • Wade Davis (!)
    • Very Paul Hawken
    • Broaden the story; bring in academic collaborations (e.g., working with anthropologists)
  • C.  Tom -
  • Natural resource extraction, indigenous rights in LA: broaden, more roles of SEs, center implications.
    • How did the world get developed?
      • NICE USE of video … ecuador
    • Thumbnail sketch of process …
      • Natural resources
      • Economics
      • Human rights
      • DATA?
    • No consultation
      • Locals are the poorest … (sounds like W.VA. …)
    • Stakeholders ….
    • NGO (NAME)
      • Trying to empower about
        • Property rights …
        • …..
        • QUESTION – who does the empowering?
    • Example – metal refining plant in Peru …
    • Leads to getting data and then ‘what can be done?’  (e.g., pillar 4 model)
    • Participation, transparency … the Machiavelli question …

IV.  Food security and urban food deserts- Claire, Brian, Kenny

  • Brian –
  • Modern food deserts and urban gardners.
    • Environmental racism issue … rough data ….
      • NO grocery store in Detroit
    • Solutions
      • Urban gardens ..
        • Back to the 1890s, in Detroit
        • Victory gardens in WWII
      • Benefits
        • Green space
        • Property values
        • Jobs and employment
        • At risk youth
        • Intangible effects – empowerment
    • Examples
      • south central farm in SC LA – Video — The Garden
      • Growing power in Chicago and Milwaukee – Will Allen
    • Urban garden movement … how to unify into a movement?
      • Michelle Obama
      • Two-tier pricing strategy ..
    • Good data …. brutal
    • Role of center to help scale up — “Next generation of urban gardeners’
  • Claire –
  • Food security in SSA.
    • Good data . MDG goals
      • SSA – will completely miss this goal — off by 100 million!
      • GREAT graph ….
    • Notes on drought – climate getting hotter … CLIMATE CHANGE in action ..
    • Illness – undernourished – can’t work …. ‘nasty cycle’
    • Solutions
      • Africa as ‘number 1 recipient of foreign aid ..’
      • Successful – http://www.oneacrefund.org/
        • SUCCESSFUL? – good measure …
      • Project DISC – http://wikieducator.org/Project_DISC
      • MY POINT about OECD subsidies
    • Needs to find some real SEs …  has some new sources
  • Kenny –
    • Good background
    • Solution
      • John Amarosa ..(sp?)
      • Wangara Mathi … trees and food
    • QUESTION – Policy ….
    • Kenny’s project …
      • Garden constructed and led by local residents ….
    • Martin – dept stores offering fresh produce …
    • build on examples – what could the center do in this area?  How could students benefit?

V.  Education – Alison, Devin, Wahid, Aaron

  • Alison
  • Female education in SE Asia
    • Data, background …
      • Date on giving birth ….
      • Data on prostitutes
    • Solutions
      • Conditional cash transfers.
        • Program in Brazil (missed the name)
      • Recruiting female teachers (nepal)
        • Good measure of success
        • PAOLO FRIEIRE NOTE
      • Development and Education Program for Daughters and Communities (Thailand)
  • More on SE Asia; find the evidence, back up with citations; research role of center?
  • Wahid –
  • SSA education.
    • Good background
      • Colonial past
      • Rural to urban migration
      • Lessen dependence on foriegn aid
    • Problem
      • Brain drain
      • Teachers don’t want to be rural …
      • 83,000 doctors … way to low, to put it mildly …
    • More background, more details on NGOs.  Then, the more specific role of the center …
  • Aaron –
  • tertiary ed.  eg  college eduation
    • Background- lots of positive aspects
      • MDG goal … primary ed .. .making progress
      • Huge jump in earning potential
      • Competition in global economy …
      • How college grads help the economy …..
      • Even helping to create social entrepreneurs ..

      Better to have in country, but

      • May not be able to (say after a national disaster)
      • Expensive …….
    • Solutions
      • Shay rieshef the university of the people
        • Very cool …
    • Hold on top cases, push the role of an ‘open-source’ center.
  • Devin -
  • Education as population growth control
    • Data – stunning, as always …
      • SSA and elsewhere .. tilted toward young …
    • As she started her research … turns out, separated.  Education v. family planning, etc.
    • What to do?  Educate women and keep them in schools.
    • Young women – single biggest agents of change in development world
    • EXAMPLE
      • Mali and Chad (!)
    • World Bank … reproductive rights (SO TRICKY politically)
    • Planned Parenthood ….
    • Kenya as an example of progress …. ?
      • Safe abortion services …
      • “Youth 4 youth program”
        • http://apha.confex.com/apha/132am/techprogram/paper_92664.htm

VI.  Waste – Matt, Cate

  • Matt –
  • waste in cities –
    • Why a problem?
      • Disease
      • Bad for economy (outside investors, etc.)
      • Projections are brutal …
    • Ways NOT to do it
      • Example from Indonesia
    • Solutions
      • Sustainable cities
        • Phukat – Thailand ….
      • Waste Option – Laos … waste — compost — sold to farmers
    • “Garbage dreams” – movie
    • More examples of success — and why succeeded?
  • Cate –
  • Great pacific garden patch
    • Background
      • 4,000,ooo tonnes
      • trash vortexes … 40% of the world’s oceans ..
      • Mega debris v. micro plastics
      • BRUTAL pictures …. plus endocrine disruptors
      • 90% of young albatross ..
    • Solutions
      • Project Kaisei – http://www.projectkaisei.org/
      • Bottle School Project
      • Spiral Island -
      • Join the pipe – http://jointhepipe.blogspot.com/

VII.  Food choice and food production – Rhia, Stu

  • Stu –
  • Ag, meat production, and solutions.
    • 60,000,000,000 animals killed per year for meat, etc.
    • Huge, underrated effect
    • Solutions?
      • Frank Reese – Heritage Turkey Farmer
        • $209 per turkey!
      • Bill Neiman
        • Meat ….
      • Carlo Petrini
        • Slow food movement
        • Virtuous globalization
      • Louis Slaughter
        • Preservation for Medical Treatment Antibiotics …
  • Center – Midd kids, mentors?  Conference?  SE in residence -who?
  • Rhia -
  • Cooking technologies in S Asia
    • Really good data, background
    • Solutions?
      • Kerosene too expensive
      • Charcoal sucks
      • So … fuel-efficient cookstoves
    • Stoves 2.0
      • Appropriate tech model is passe
      • Can’t give it away
      • Must collect data
    • push the thinking – where does Stoves 3.0 need to go, and how could a student (funded by the Center) play a role?  Add videos.


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